How can I tell the difference between elements wired in parallel versus series in my Jupiter, DaVinci, or Doll kiln?

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For these older kilns

How can I tell the difference between elements wired in parallel versus series in my Jupiter, DaVinci, or Doll kiln?

Your Jupiter, DaVinci, or Doll kiln will have its elements either wired in parallel or wired in series. The quickest way to tell the difference is look at the element terminal board and note how many terminal bolts are present.

On kilns with two elements per ring, J(D)1800 or J(D)2300 series Jupiter kilns, elements wired in parallel will have two terminal bolts on the element terminal board while elements wired in series will have three terminal bolts.

On kilns with three elements per ring, J(D)2900 series Jupiter kilns and all DaVinci and Doll kilns, elements wired in parallel will have two terminal bolts on the element terminal board while elements wired in series will have four terminal bolts.

For further confirmation, compare the related pdfs to the physical element wiring on your kiln.